Frequently asked questions…

Lithium battery technology is relatively new when compared to lead acid batteries which have been around for 100 years or so. Despite lithium batteries being used in phones and laptops for decades there is a lot of misinformation in the public domain around lithium batteries in particular surrounding their safety. So, we have compiled a comprehensive FAQ database which will hopefully answer your most common questions or concerns. If not, feel free to get in touch with us and we will attempt to answer all your questions.

General

Our Battery Management System (BMS) is solid state printed circuit board which monitors and manages the lithium cells to ensure they are charged and discharged together and at the same rate. It also provides protective features to prevent over charge and over discharge of the cells, keeping the battery within a safe operating envelope.

Our standard power (SP) BMS allows for charging at up to 100A and allows for discharge at up to 100A continuous with 200A peak. Our high power (HP) BMS is designed to allow charging at up to 150A and allows for discharge at 200A continuous and 500A peak.

A Battery Management System (BMS) is a key part of a lithium battery. Unlike lead-acid batteries which do not require a BMS, lithium batteries do.

The BMS primarily is a circuit board which manages, monitors, controls and protects the lithium cells from being over charged or over discharged, which can lead to permanent damage or in the worst case lead to fire. It also needs to be able to disconnect your battery before the cells go outside of their safe operating limits. Therefore it is vital that your investment in a lithium battery is not compromised by using an inferior BMS.

We design and engineer all of our batteries using CAD software. We manufacture a range of 12V, 24V, 36V and 48V batteries in a range of amp hour capacities from 75Ah all the way up to 300Ah in the 12V range. In the 24V range we make batteries up to 220Ah in size. In the 36V range we make batteries up to 110Ah in size and in the 48V range we make batteries up to 110Ah in capacity, producing 5kWh storage.

We manufacture our batteries for use in a wide range of applications. The 12V range is most commonly used in Recreational Vehicles like caravans and motorhomes, marine applications, 4×4 applications as dual batteries and for camping. Our 24V and 36V batteries are typically used in marine applications and our 48V batteries are typically used in carts such as golf carts and the like.

We made the decision early on to design, engineer and manufacture our batteries in Australia, rather than simply import a finished product and wholesale it. The quality, functionality and reliability of many imported lithium batteries we discovered did not suit many applications. So by manufacturing here in Australia we can control the output much better. It also allows us to ‘mass customise’ batteries for specific applications and controlling the shape and dimensions of the enclosure means our batteries can fit into spaces that most off the shelf batteries can’t. We have also found that our customers prefer to buy something that is Australian made.

By volume produced, the 12V 110Ah slimline battery is our most popular battery. This is because people are discovering the benefits of having a slim battery that can fit in places that a standard size battery cannot. The slimline is great for RVs, 4×4’s as a dual battery, for camping and also for marine craft.

There is no point manufacturing a battery if it is incompatible with with common chargers and inverters. A battery is one component of a power storage and supply system, therefore we came up with the concept of a verified design – components working together as part of an integrated system to charge, store and power devices.

In 2021, after acquiring the required certifications, we will be releasing a range of 48V batteries for off-grid and grid connect home storage applications.

Lithium Technology

Yes you can but a lithium battery has less of a drop in voltage.

Lithium batteries when fully charged rest on 13.3V-13.4V for a nominal 12V system and they hold their voltage right until the end of cycle and only then drop by approximately 0.5V-1.0V when they reach close to 90% discharged.

Lead based chemistry in lead acid and AGM batteries have a more linear rate of voltage drop and by half way through the cycle they have dropped 1V and by end of cycle they are 2-3V lower. This is why inverters often go into error because of voltage drop at the end of cycle with lead acid batteries.

Lithium batteries hold their voltage better, sit at a higher resting voltage and are a better option to avoid inverter errors for heavier loads.

You can still infer the state of charge with lithium battery voltages but the voltage drop is subtle and less accurate than the greater drop in lead acid batteries.

A remote display is an optional extra for our high power (HP) range of batteries. The remote display is a LCD screen control panel (connected via cable to the battery) which gives you access to vital information like SOC (state of charge), hours remaining at current usage rate, voltage, temperature etc. For our standard power (SP) range of batteries we can provide external volt meters to provide an estimate of SOC.

In most cases yes, but it is best to contact us first to confirm. We will let you know if your charger, whether it be solar, DC from the alternator or AC mains charger is compatible with our lithium batteries.

Our standard power (SP) batteries can be charged at up to 100A. Therefore a 100Ah lithium battery for example can be charged in one hour with the correct chargers which is 2.5 times faster than lead acid batteries. Our high power (HP) batteries can be charged at up to 150A. Therefore a 100Ah lithium battery for example can be charged in less than one hour. You can charge our lithium batteries using a combination of solar, DC and AC chargers.

Our lithium batteries deliver at least 6 times more usable amp hours over their lifetime compared to lead acid batteries. This reduces the cost of replacement, installation and inconvenience every 3 years, saving you money in the long run. You have to look at the total life cycle of the battery and not just the upfront cost.

There are numerous advantages that lithium batteries have over lead acid batteries with respect to recreational vehicles such as caravans, motorhomes and camper trailers. These can be summarised as:

  • Weight – lithium batteries are at least half the weight as lead acid equivalents which is important in an RV. A 100Ah lead acid battery weighs around 32kg, whereas our 100Ah lithium battery is ~12kg.
  • Depth of discharge (DOD) – lithium batteries can be safely discharged to 80% DOD compared to typically 50% DOD for lead acid batteries. This means for a 100Ah battery you have 80Ah available to use with a lithium battery and only 50Ah with a lead acid.
  • Constant voltage – lithium batteries discharge at more or less a constant voltage until they reach around 80% DOD, after which the voltage begins to drop off. Compare this to a lead acid battery where voltage begins to drop as soon as power is drawn. This means that with a lithium battery, low voltage disconnects to protect appliances are not activated before the battery is empty like they are with a lead acid battery.
  • Cycles – lithium batteries last a lot longer than lead acid batteries, in that you can cycle them more times before they need to be replaced. Our lithium batteries are rated at 2,000 cycles times at 80% DOD compared to a lead acid battery at 500 cycles.
  • Power output – our high power (HP) lithium batteries can discharge at up to 200A continuous which is made possible by the BMS. Being able to discharge at 200A allows the RV owner to run high power appliances such as microwaves, kettles, coffee machines etc.

Some lithium batteries are dangerous because they use an inferior BMS and/or use a different lithium chemistry to the one that we use.

It’s similar to the fuel in the fuel tank of a car containing stored energy. Petrol sloshing around in a cheap bucket is dangerous but protected by a reputable fuel tank manufacturer, the fuel is perfectly safe to use and store. Well designed lithium battery systems are safer than Lead Acid chemistry which can vent flammable hydrogen gas and swell up when overcharged. Lithium batteries vent no gases.

At Lithium Battery Systems we take safety as the primary design criteria and have delivered a solution based on our “Triple Guard” methodology.

1) We have chosen the safest chemistry of lithium cells being Lithium Ferrous (iron) Phosphate (LFP) and we only use prsimatic cells that are encased in a safe Aluminium casing.

2) We electrically protect the system using our proprietary Battery Management System which disconnects, isolates and balances cells to keep them electrically safe.

3) We then place the whole battery assembly into another Aluminium outer enclosure. Lightweight yet robust to protect the entire package from knocks and accidental puncture.

Lithium Battery Systems lithium batteries are lightweight, safe and powerful.

Lithium Battery Solutions Powering Freedom™